What does Group A mean to you? I can’t really say I paid much attention in the heyday of Group A. I was old enough to notice, and old enough to care about racing, but since I was in the US, it’s just not something we got a chance to see here in the 1990’s.
The FIA or Federation Internationale de l'Automobile introduced Group A in 1982 to replace modern touring cars, and Group N to replace standard touring cars.
Normal FIA Group A requirements stated that a minimum of 2500 cars had to be produced to qualify, until 1991, then 5000 were required as a minimum. The FIA however allowed Evolution models to be homologated with a minimum of 500 cars like the Nismo Nissan Skyline GT-R(560 produced). Check out some of the Group A and Australian touring car videos above. Below, there is also the first 5 pages of the FIA Group A Homologation paperwork for the Nismo R32 Skyline GT-R.
|My Nismo Nissan Skyline GT-R. #500|
There were three divisions within Group A, Division 3 for cars above 2500cc, Division 2 for cars with engine displacement between 1600 and 2500 cc, and Division 1 for cars with less than 1600cc displacement.
Group A was phased out in 1994, when German DTM switched to a 2.5 liter engine formula. In Japan the Japanese Touring Car Championship switched to what would eventually become JGTC and then Super GT. Australian touring car switched to a V-8 formula in 1993, which became V-8 Supercar.
The series that used the Group A formula.
· Australian Touring Car Championship 1985-1992
- Nissan Skyline GT-R won Championship 1991-1992
· Australian 2.0 Litre Touring Car Championship 1986-1987
· Australian Endurance Championship 1985-1986 & 1990-1991
· Australian Manufacturers' Championship 1985-1991
· British Touring Car Championship 1983-1990
· Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft 1984-1994
· European Touring Car Championship 1982-1988
· All Japan Touring Car Championship 1985-1993
- Nissan Skyline GT-R won Championship 1990-1993
· World Rally Championship 1987-2001
· Audi V8
· BMW 323i
· Fiat Uno
· Ford Sierra RS Cosworthand RS500
· Ford Sierra XR4Ti and XR4i
· Toyota Supra and Turbo-A
· Volkswagen Golf GTI
Nissan Skyline GT-R - R32 History
GT-R history 1989-1998
August 1989 – R32 GT-R debuted
February 1990 – GT-R Nismo debuted
March 1990 – Group A GT-R debuted and won its first race
November 1990 – 1990 Group A series Champion
August 1991 – Spa Francocious 24 hr Endurance Race , Group A GT-R won the race (First time for a Japanese car to win)
November 1991 – 1991 Group A series Champion
November 1992 – 1992 Group A series Champion
March 1993 – GT-R Vspec debuted
November 1993 – 1993 Group A series Champion
February 1994 – GT-R Vspec II debuted
April 1994 – GT Racing series debuted and the GT-R won
Source: Wikipedia and gtrusablog.com